Image courtesy of Flickr, Hakan Dahlstrom
There's no doubt that California, with its beautiful weather, great cities, and its beaches, mountains, deserts, forests, national parks, and lakes, is a desirable place to live.
There's no doubt that California, with its beautiful weather, great cities, and its beaches, mountains, deserts, forests, national parks, and lakes, is a desirable place to live. I was fortunate to have been born and raised in this great state. But when it came time to buy a home, my husband and I decided to relocate to a more affordable place.
One of the first things you should know before buying a home in California (if you don't already) is that it's expensive. There are some bargains to be found in California; they are just more difficult to find here than they are in much of the rest of the country. And a bargain price often entails a long commute in California traffic. But think of what you're getting. ''The price is what you pay. Value is what you get,'' says Jerry Koller, an Irvine, CA, real estate broker. ''Many people try to compare here to their market,'' he says. But Koller reminds people who say they can get a lot more house elsewhere, ''You get lifestyle, great weather, amazing career opportunities, and world-class entertainment [in California].''
But just how much will you pay? Be prepared for ''sticker shock,'' says David Feldberg, a Newport Beach, CA, broker. ''The median price for a single-family home here in Orange County is near $600,000. This is for a three-bedroom, two-bathroom home on a modest lot and not in a coastal city,'' he says. Spending $1 million in California is not unusual. But Feldberg points out that spending that much in many other parts of the country would buy you ''an estate.''
Some desirable California towns, such as Pasadena, have many old homes. ''Many were built in the early 1900s and have not been updated,'' says Doug Willis, a Pasadena, CA, real estate broker. ''You can easily spend approximately 10 percent of your purchase price upgrading the existing systems (plumbing, electrical, roof, new heating, and air),'' he says.
Los Angeles real estate agent Chantay Bridges says that California homebuyers should ''Check permits, confirm square footage, and have an inspection.'' Expensive homes don't necessarily ''equate to homes being in tiptop condition,'' she says. And not only that, around town, ''Much of the infrastructure is old and dated,'' says Willis. ''Example: very few intersections [in Pasadena] have a protected left turn. You have to pull out in the middle of the street and wait before making a left.''
California is prone to earthquakes. The 800-mile long San Andreas Fault runs from the San Bernardino Mountains to the Mendocino coast. Most scientists don't debate whether there will be a deadly earthquake; the only questions are where and when it will be.
But besides living with that knowledge in the back of your mind, there are also effects of the smaller earthquakes that long-time Californians don't even pay much attention to anymore. ''You are going to have settling cracks in the side of your home and usually on the concrete,'' says Feldberg. ''You should probably plan on buying earthquake insurance and factor that into your monthly payment.''
The good appears to outweigh the bad concerning California real estate, and houses sell like hotcakes. ''Houses are going extremely fast,'' says Bridges. ''If you snooze, you will lose.''Just how fast is fast for a home sale? What about one day? Or less! ''We have had cases where we have seen five offers in the first hour on the market,'' says Koller. So how do you get a house when there's such fierce competition? ''Be prepared to work fast and make real offers,'' says Koller. In other words, a hot California market might not be the best time to try to get a deal. You might need to pay at least asking price and maybe even more.
One way to get the house you want in a seller's market is to offer cash. This method, however, is typically reserved for the very rich or for investors. If you're a buyer looking for a primary residence, you probably can't pay cash for a home. But there are ways you can still compete with investors. One is to get preapproved for a loan. Another is to ''Keep your offer clean and simple,'' suggests Bridges. ''Now is not the time to ask for the moon and the stars.'' And when you do make an offer, ''Make it a strong one,'' says Bridges.
If you want to pay a lot in property taxes, then you'd live in New Jersey, the state with the highest property taxes of 2015. California's property taxes aren't too high, though, because of Proposition 13, a measure California voters of 1978 passed. This proposition caps property taxes at 1 percent of a home's assessed value at the time of purchase.
California ranked as the 17th lowest state for property taxes in 2015. But you should still expect to pay a decent sum in property taxes if you buy a home in California. ''Property tax rates are reasonable, but the current home valuations can make your property taxes very high,'' explains Willis.
Scientists who've studied California droughts over the last 1,000 years found that there have been several drought periods here that have lasted between 10 and 20 years. 2013 was a particularly dry year for the Golden State. It rained less that year than any year since California became a state. A growing population worsens the water problem, and the agriculture industry feels the effects of drought the worst.''Water is a valuable resource,'' says Willis. ''Some cities have water rationing and will only allow you to water your lawn on certain days.''
California is a great place to live, but it can be challenging to buy a home here. Once you know what's in store for you, however, you can plan for obstacles, taking you that much closer to owning your California dream home.
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